Most frequent health disparities in Cincinnati: heart/cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity/overweight, hypertension, and HIV/AIDS; 4/25/16

April 25, 2016

 

Title: Most frequent health disparities in Cincinnati: heart/cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity/overweight, hypertension, and HIV/AIDS.

Others include: arthritis, asthma, cancer (breast, cervical, colon/colorectal, lung, and prostate), chronic kidney disease, glaucoma, infant mortality, influenza and pneumonia, stroke, substance abuse/chemical dependency (alcohol, smoking), and violence.

 

Key factors that can contribute to minority health conditions:

1)      Low priority of preventative care because of:

a)      competing priorities like employment, food, shelter, and feeling loved;

b)     scarcity of culturally relevant health information;

c)      denial of vulnerability;

d)      delays in seeking care;

e)      decreased access to high quality care.

2)      Lack of Health Insurance or underinsurance:

a)      Close correlation between poverty and health status.

b)     Unemployment, limited financial resources, and/or reliance on Medicaid or Medicare

c)      Little or no interest in disease prevention when they do not feel sick or if they feel they can put it off. 

3)       inadequate number of multicultural health professionals

a)      Documented that health professionals of color are much more likely to practice in their communities compared to others.  Need to increase number of multicultural health professions.

4)      Key reasons for health disparities in minority populations:

a)      decreased overall awareness of lifestyles and health practices that will increase the risk of health disparities.

b)     Denial of the early warning signs and then delay in getting care. 

c)      Decreased access to high quality care.

d)     Greater distrust in the health or medical establishment. (Tuskegee study) 

Above information from Health Power. http://healthpowerforminorities.com/special-channels/major-killers/

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