Live Right

Getting regular health screenings is one of the most important things you can do for your health. The early detection that these tests provide increases the potential of overcoming many illnesses and diseases plaguing Americans today.

The following guidelines are designed for healthy people who have few risk factors. Check with your doctor to personalize your screening schedule, which should be based on family history and lifestyle choices as well. 

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Adult Health Screening Schedule

Diagnostic Screenings

  • Screenings2Blood pressure – every 2 years (for prevention of heart disease and stroke)
  • Blood glucose – every 3 years for adults over age 45 (diabetes prevention)
  • Cholesterol (fasting blood test) – every 5 years beginning at age 35 for men and age 45 for women (heart disease, stroke prevention)
  • Colon and rectum screening should begin by age 50
  • Dental checkup – every 6 to 12 months
  • Vision exam- every 2 to 4 years, even if you don’t need vision correction; yearly after age 65
  • Glaucoma- African Americans age 40 and older (because the incidence of glaucoma in this population is much higher); other adults age 65 and older, or yearly if you are severely near-sighted, diabetic or have a family history of glaucoma (to prevent blindness)
  • Lead exam from 6 months to 6 years, if at high risk

Just for Women

In addition to the adult health screening schedule recommendations, women need to include thefollowing in their routine screenings:

  • Screenings1Mammogram and clinical breast exam every 1 to 2 years beginning by age 40 (breast cancer prevention)
  • Pap smear at least every 3 years, beginning with sexual activity or age 21 until age 65 (cervical cancer prevention)
  • Bone density test- every 5 years beginning around age 50 (osteoporosis prevention)

Just for Men

As they age, men are at risk for prostate cancer. The PSA blood test is the most common screening tool, but a high level of PSA can also be caused by conditions other than cancer, such as urinary infections. Talk with your primary care physician about the risks and benefits of prostate screening.

Infections Disease Screenings

Men AND women should be regularly tested for HIV and STDs if they are sexually active. If recommended by a doctor, some patients may need to be screened for tuberculosis.

Child Health Screenings

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Preventative health screenings are extremely important for children. Tests can detect conditions that could impact a child’s growth and development. Personal and family history of medical conditions may add other screenings or change the frequency required. Discuss the following guidelines for preventative health screening recommendations with your child’s doctor.

Well Baby & Well Child Care: starting at birth, frequency of screenings is determined by the child’s primary doctor.

  • Comprehensive health promotion & disease prevention exams
  • Vision/Hearing Screening
  • Height, weight and head circumference check
  • Routine immunizations
  • Developmental/behavioral assessment

Well Child Care/Routine Physical Exam: starting at age 6 and every year following.

  • Comprehensive health promotion & disease prevention exams
  • Vision/Hearing Screening
  • Height, weight, and head circumference check
  • Developmental/behavioral assessment